1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history
Beyond the walls of its capital city, Muscat, we can locate a safe and pleasant country with transforming panoramas that transit between the wilderness and the warm Indian; and a human population that will receive you just like you were a part of it. Oman is a country situated in western Asia, on the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia towards the west as well as Yemen to the southwest. The coast, in the meantime, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, and with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on: https://oman-visa.info)
To speak a little concerning its historical past, we have that Oman extends its beginnings to the Stone Age, since there are signs of human settlements in the area, particularly in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. Furthermore, the metropolis appears named the first time in the 1st century AD. C., particularly when Greeks and Romans documented the existence of an essential business port, what is now currently referred to as “Port of Muscat”, a connection in between East and West.
What happened to the Sassanid Empire?
The fights for control of the port of Muscat have been constant over the centuries due to its strategic area between Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. That is to say, many have been the nations that have disputed the ownership of the territory, so it has been a very important factor for the development and history of the nation.
In the third century, after living with the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I started an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.
What about the Conversion to Islam?
The Imamate era commenced when conversion to Islam happened. This took place in the 7th century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already founded. From then on, this time frame that began and it extended until the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the fights for power over the city?
The Portuguese fleet first found its way to Muscat in 1507, however they were met with shots from the port. The battles for power over the metropolis were disastrous, but eventually the Portuguese took power over a century. At that point the Muscat fortresses were constructed, to protect against maritime attacks. Nevertheless, this did not avoid the conquest of the Turks, which took place twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)
What about the Yaruba Dynasty?
In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was chosen imam of Oman, he was the one who expelled the Portuguese and also was liable for uniting the nation. He was also the founder of the Yaruba dynasty and from it all the rulers of Oman emerged until 1749. It was a time of excellent territorial expansion simply because they conquered cities of East Africa like Mombasa or Zanzibar.
What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?
Declivity started in the middle of the 18th century, after having a civil war and also the continuing incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. During those times, there was a power vacuum that led to theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most significant leader of the 19th century was Said bin Sultan; he improved military supremacy and beaten Zanzibar.
How were your internal disputes?
Disputes between tribes within the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the 20th century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to request the United Kingdom for help to quell the revolts and also had to transfer his residence from Muscat to Salalah.
Qaboos bin Said
On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) orchestrated a coup d’etat and overthrew his dad. Since then, it has the absolute power of the nation, distinguished as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His official house is in the Al Alam Palace.